Charles Henry Miller (American, 1842-1922)
Oil on Panel
5" x 7" / 8" x 10" Overall / Original Antique Frame
Charles Henry Miller was a noted artist and painter of landscapes from Long Island, New York. The American poet Bayard Taylor called him, "The artistic discoverer of the little continent of Long Island."
Miller was educated at Mount Washington Collegiate Institute, and graduated in medicine at the New York Homeopathic Institute in 1864. Before his graduation, he had occasionally painted pictures, and in 1860 he exhibited The Challenge Accepted at the National Academy of Design, in New York City.
He lived in Queens at the summer estate, Queenslawn, originally purchased by his parents. He went abroad in 1864 and again in 1867, and was a pupil in the Bavarian Royal Academy at Munich under the instruction of Adolf Lier.
After the 1874 death of his father, Jacob Miller, who was a wealthy architect and builder, Miller received a large inheritance that allowed him to paint as an independent artist for the remainder of his long life. He worked seriously and exhibited regularly, including at international exhibitions.
The majority of his oil paintings depict Long Island subjects, especially those in and around Queens Village. Fed up with the development of the eastern part of Queens (present-day Nassau County), he began to spend part of his summers in East Marion, Long Island, c. 1910. Here he spent his time sketching and painting the surrounding areas.
In 1885 he published The Philosophy of Art in America, using the pseudonym Carl De Muldor (he was descended from the De Muldor family).
His work was recognized: in 1873, he was elected an associate of the National Academy of Design and an academician in 1875. He served as president of the New York Art Club in 1879 and of the American Committee at the Munich International Exposition in 1883.
Legacy and honors
• In 1910 Miller founded the Queens Borough Allied Arts & Crafts Society.
• A New York City public school, Queens P.S. 33, was once named for him.
• 1878, gold medal awarded by the Massachusetts Charitable Association
• 1885, gold medal at the World's Exposition in New Orleans.
Following is a list, which includes many of his known exhibitions:
• National Academy of Design, New York, NY, 1860-61, 1865-67, 1870-1921
• Brooklyn Art Association, Brooklyn, NY, 1872-84, 1891-92
• Artist's Fund Society, New York, NY, 1874 (exhibition & sale), 1886 (exhibition & sale)
• Century Association, New York, NY, (1874-1917)
• Philadelphia Centennial Exhibition, Philadelphia, PA, 1876 (prize)
• Society of American Artists, New York, NY, (1878-1882)
• Massachusetts Charitable Mechanic Association, Boston, MA, 1878 (prize)
• Paris International Exposition, Paris, France, 1878, 1889
• American Water Color Society Exhibition, New York, NY, 1879
• Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts, Philadelphia , PA, 1879-99
• Boston Art Club, Boston, MA, 1880-1907 (prize)
• Union League Club, New York, NY, 1880
• Lotos Club, New York, NY, 1880, 1896, 1899-1900, 1906
• Salons of Paris, Paris, France, 1882
• International Exhibition, Munich, Germany, 1883 (president & exhibitor)
• New Orleans Exposition, New Orleans, LA, 1885 (prize)
• Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, IL, 1888-89, 1891, 1894-98, 1904
• Fifth Avenue Art Gallery, New York, NY, 1889 (exhibition & sale)
• World's Columbian Exposition, Chicago, IL, 1892
• Frederick A. Chapman Gallery, New York, NY, 1898 (solo)
• Miller Studio Exhibition, New York, NY, 1901
• Brooklyn Museum Opening Exhibition, Brooklyn, NY, 1902
• Silo Galleries, New York, NY, 1902 (Jane Miller estate, exhibition & sale)
• Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, DC, 1908
• American Red Cross Exhibition at American Art Galleries, New York, 1922
• DaFalco Art Gallery, New York, NY, c.1922 (exhibition & sale).
• Brigham Young University Art Museum, Salt Lake City, UT
• Brooklyn Institute Museum, Brooklyn, NY
• Brooklyn Museum of Art, Brooklyn, NY
• Democratic Club, New York, NY
• Heckscher Museum of Art, Huntington, NY
• Long Island Museum, Stony Brook, NY
• Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY
• Museum of the City of New York, New York, NY
• Nassau County Historical Society, Garden City, NY
• Nassau County Museum of Art, Glen Cove, NY
• National Academy of Design, New York, NY
• Parrish Art Museum, Southampton, NY
• Republican Club, New York, NY
• Rhode Island School of Design, Providence, RI.